Menene maɓuɓɓugan ramuka marasa rami?

Pdc Hole Buɗewa

Mabudin rami shine ƙayyadadden kayan aikin faɗaɗa rijiyar diamita wanda ake amfani da shi don faɗaɗa rijiyar fiye da ainihin girman ramin da raƙuman suka haƙa.

Kafin fara amfani da fasahar da ba ta da ramuka, an tilasta wa kamfanonin da ke aikin famfo aikin tona ramuka ta hanyar tona da haƙa da hannaye da shebur. Aikin zai iya ɗaukar kwanaki da yawa tare da ma'aikatan jirgin da yawa. Ta ma'auni na yau, wannan za a yi la'akari da rashin inganci sosai.

Hakowa Shugaban

Tarihin ci gaban trenchless

A cikin 1971, Martin Cherrington, Ba'amurke, da fasaha ya haɗa fasahar hakowa ta hanya tare da fasahar shimfida bututun gargajiya kuma ya ƙirƙira fasahar shimfida bututun kwatance, wanda zai iya maye gurbin tsarin aikin tona bututu na gargajiya, wanda ya haifar da juyin juya hali a fasahar “trenchless”.

Tsohuwar Bututun Ƙarƙashin Ƙarƙashin Ƙarƙashin Ƙarƙashin Ƙarƙashin Ƙarƙashin Ƙarƙashin Ƙarƙashin Ƙarshen 1970, Ƙasar Ingila na hulɗa da dubban tsofaffin bututun ƙarfe da suka lalace waɗanda ke buƙatar maye gurbinsu. Dangane da wannan matsala, wani kamfanin injiniya ya fito da manufar fashewar bututu - tsarin karya tsohon bututu da maye gurbinsa da wani sabo a cikin sarari guda.

Microtunneling da sauran Ƙirƙirar Ƙirƙirar Trenchless

Da farko da aka yi amfani da shi don shigar da layukan magudanar nauyi, an haɓaka microtunneling a farkon shekarun 1970 a Japan. Hanya ce mara amfani da farko da ake amfani da ita don shigar da layukan ƙasa a wuraren da ƙasa marar ƙarfi.

A cikin 1970s da 1980s, Biritaniya ta ƙara haɓaka fasahar injiniyoyi da yawa don gyarawa da maye gurbin bututun najasa, bututun ruwa da bututun iskar gas A cikin 1988, haɓakawa da yin amfani da tsarin sa ido na ƙasa mara waya ya inganta ingantaccen ingancin tsarin. jagorar shimfida bututu, wanda ke nuna cewa fasahar “trenchless” ta duniya ta shiga wani sabon mataki.

Amfanin Trenchless

Maye gurbin magudanar ruwa da ba a tono ya zama sananne a cikin 'yan shekarun nan godiya ga fa'idodi, kamar abokantaka na muhalli, tanadin farashi, da ƙaramin tashin hankali ga kewaye.

  1. Yana Ajiye Lokaci - Yafi dacewa. Gyaran layin magudanar ruwa ta amfani da hanyar tono na gargajiya yana ɗaukar dogon lokaci fiye da yadda ake yi da sabuwar fasahar mara igiyar ruwa.
  2. Adana Kudi.
  3. Ƙarƙashin Ƙarfafawa fiye da Gyaran Layin Magudanar Ruwa na Gargajiya.
  4. Madadin Abokan Muhalli zuwa Hanyar Gyaran Gargajiya.

Nau'in buɗaɗɗen rami marar rami:

  1. TCI ramummuka

Siffofi da Amfana:

Ana amfani da mabuɗin rami don faɗaɗa diamita na rami da aka riga aka haƙa. An gina su na al'ada don ƙayyadaddun bayanai, kuma sun zo cikin girma dabam dabam. Wani lokaci ana kiran Mai Buɗe Hole azaman Reamer.

  1. Yana iya daidaitawa da taurin samuwar daban-daban, daga taushi zuwa wuya.
  2. Girman ya fi sassauƙa kuma an daidaita shi.
  3. Farashin ya yi ƙasa da na PDC reamer

Nadi mazugi rami mabudin: tsakiyar iyakacin duniya, nadi Cones, zare, stabilizer.

2. PDC ramummuka:

Siffofi da Amfana:

1.Don shale, sandstone, farar ƙasa da iri-iri mai laushi, matsakaici & dutse mai wuya

2.Ba motsi sassa – sabanin abin nadi-mazugi reamers ba za ka taba yi damu da rasa mazugi a cikin rami.

3.Fistest shigar azzakari cikin farji kudi na duk reamer fasahar

4.Long rai a cikin rami - PDC reamers suna ba ku rayuwa mai tsawo a cikin yanayin hawan dutse mai wuya. 5. Fasahar yankan lu'u-lu'u na zamani.

PDC reamer: tsakiya iyakacin duniya, zaren, PDC cutters, PDC ruwan wukake. Jikin karfe, jikin matrix.

3. Fa'idodin TARA na Masu Buɗe Ramin:

1.Sabuwar TCI tricone bit& PDC cutters

2.API misali.

3.Babban jari

4.High zafin jiki da juriya, saurin hakowa

5.high shigar iko da karko stuiable ga daban-daban dutse samuwar, abin dogara hali tsarin

6.All masu girma dabam da kuma lambobin IDC na rawar soja suna samuwa.

7.Best farashin da inganci mai kyau

8.Madalla da sabis

9. About 13 shekaru gwaninta a hakowa kayan aikin. 10.Special bukatun daban-daban model za a iya musamman.

Amanda

Amanda

Hi, Ni Amanda, wanda ya kafa rankingbit.com. Na shafe shekaru 14 ina gudanar da wata masana'anta a kasar Sin da ke kera dutsen dutse, kuma makasudin wannan labarin shi ne in ba ku ilimin da ya shafi Tricone rock bits ta fuskar masu samar da kayayyaki na kasar Sin.
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